Close to Redshift

This page provides you with instructions on how to extract data from Close and load it into Redshift. (If this manual process sounds onerous, check out Stitch, which can do all the heavy lifting for you in just a few clicks.)

What is Close?

Close provides an inside sales SaaS and CRM platform that bundles calling, SMS, and email in a single platform. Users can make and receive calls and take business notes without getting on a phone or leaving the application. The software provides a single automated sales workflow system.

Getting data out of Close

You can use Close's REST API to get data about contacts, leads, opportunities, and many more objects into your data warehouse. For example, to get a lead, you could GET /lead/{id}/.

Sample Close data

Here's an example of the kind of response you might see when querying a lead.

{
    "status_id": "stat_1ZdiZqcSIkoGVnNOyxiEY58eTGQmFNG3LPlEVQ4V7Nk",
    "status_label": "Potential",
    "tasks": [],
    "display_name": "Wayne Enterprises (Sample Lead)",
    "addresses": [],
    "name": "Wayne Enterprises (Sample Lead)",
    "contacts": [
        {
            "name": "Bruce Wayne",
            "title": "The Dark Knight",
            "date_updated": "2019-01-06T20:53:01.954000+00:00",
            "phones": [
                {
                    "phone": "+16503334444",
                    "phone_formatted": "+1 650-333-4444",
                    "type": "office"
                }
            ],
            "created_by": null,
            "id": "cont_o0kP3Nqyq0wxr5DLWIEm8mVr6ZpI0AhonKLDG0V5Qjh",
            "organization_id": "orga_bwwWG475zqWiQGur0thQshwVXo8rIYecQHDWFanqhen",
            "date_created": "2019-01-01T00:54:51.331000+00:00",
            "emails": [
                {
                    "type": "office",
                    "email_lower": "thedarkknight@close.io",
                    "email": "thedarkknight@close.io"
                }
            ],
            "updated_by": "user_04EJPREurd0b3KDozVFqXSRbt2uBjw3QfeYa7ZaGTwI"
        }
    ],
    "custom.lcf_ORxgoOQ5YH1p7lDQzFJ88b4z0j7PLLTRaG66m8bmcKv": "Website contact form",
    "date_updated": "2019-01-06T20:53:01.977000+00:00",
    "html_url": "https://app.close.io/lead/lead_IIDHIStmFcFQZZP0BRe99V1MCoXWz2PGCm6EDmR9v2O/",
    "created_by": null,
    "organization_id": "orga_bwwWG475zqWiQGur0thQshwVXo8rIYecQHDWFanqhen",
    "url": null,
    "opportunities": [
        {
            "status_id": "stat_4ZdiZqcSIkoGVnNOyxiEY58eTGQmFNG3LPlEVQ4V7Nk",
            "status_label": "Active",
            "status_type": "active",
            "date_won": null,
            "confidence": 75,
            "user_id": "user_scOgjLAQD6aBSJYBVhIeNr6FJDp8iDTug8Mv6VqYoFn",
            "contact_id": null,
            "updated_by": null,
            "date_updated": "2019-01-01T00:54:51.337000+00:00",
            "value_period": "one_time",
            "created_by": null,
            "note": "Bruce needs new software for the Bat Cave.",
            "value": 50000,
            "value_formatted": "$500",
            "value_currency": "USD",
            "lead_name": "Wayne Enterprises (Sample Lead)",
            "organization_id": "orga_bwwWG475zqWiQGur0thQshwVXo8rIYecQHDWFanqhen",
            "date_created": "2019-01-01T00:54:51.337000+00:00",
            "user_name": "P F",
            "id": "oppo_8eB77gAdf8FMy6GsNHEy84f7uoeEWv55slvUjKQZpJt",
            "lead_id": "lead_IIDHIStmFcFQZZP0BRe99V1MCoXWz2PGCm6EDmR9v2O"
        },
        {
            "id": "oppo_klajsdflf8FMy6GsNHEy84f7uoeEWv55slvUjKQZpJt",
            "organization_id": "orga_bwwWG475zqWiQGur0thQshwVXo8rIYecQHDWFanqhen",
            "lead_id": "lead_IIDHIStmFcFQZZP0BRe99V1MCoXWz2PGCm6EDmR9v2O",
            "lead_name": "Wayne Enterprises (Sample Lead)",
            "status_id": "stat_4ZdiZqcSIkoGVnNOyxiEY58eTGQmFNG3LPlEVQ4V7Nk",
            "status_label": "Active",
            "status_type": "active",
            "value": 5000,
            "value_period": "monthly",
            "value_formatted": "$50 monthly",
            "value_currency": "USD",
            "date_won": null,
            "confidence": 75,
            "note": "Bat Cave monthly maintenance cost",
            "user_id": "user_scOgjLAQD6aBSJYBVhIeNr6FJDp8iDTug8Mv6VqYoFn",
            "user_name": "P F",
            "contact_id": null,
            "created_by": null,
            "updated_by": null,
            "date_created": "2019-01-01T00:54:51.337000+00:00",
            "date_updated": "2019-01-01T00:54:51.337000+00:00"
        }
    ],
    "updated_by": "user_04EJPREurd0b3KDozVFqXSRbt2uBjw3QfeYa7ZaGTwI",
    "date_created": "2019-01-01T00:54:51.333000+00:00",
    "id": "lead_IIDHIStmFcFQZZP0BRe99V1MCoXWz2PGCm6EDmR9v2O",
    "description": ""
}

Loading data into Redshift

Once you have identified all of the columns you will want to insert, you can use the CREATE TABLE statement in Redshift to create a table that can receive all of this data.

With a table built, it may seem like the easiest way to migrate your data (especially if there isn't much of it) is to build INSERT statements to add data to your Redshift table row by row. If you have any experience with SQL, this will be your gut reaction. But beware! Redshift isn't optimized for inserting data one row at a time. If you have a high volume of data to be inserted, you would be better off loading the data into Amazon S3 and then using the COPY command to load it into Redshift.

Keeping Close data up to data

Now what? You've built a script that pulls data from Close and loads it into your data warehouse, but what happens tomorrow when you have new transactions?

The key is to build your script in such a way that it can identify incremental updates to your data. Thankfully, Close's API results include fields like date_created that allow you to identify records that are new since your last update (or since the newest record you've copied). Once you've take new data into account, you can set your script up as a cron job or continuous loop to keep pulling down new data as it appears.

Other data warehouse options

Redshift is great, but sometimes you need to optimize for different things when you're choosing a data warehouse. Some folks choose to go with Google BigQuery, PostgreSQL, Snowflake, or Microsoft Azure SQL Data Warehouse, which are RDBMSes that use similar SQL syntax, or Panoply, which works with Redshift instances. Others choose a data lake, like Amazon S3. If you're interested in seeing the relevant steps for loading data into one of these platforms, check out To BigQuery, To Postgres, To Snowflake, To Panoply, To Azure SQL Data Warehouse, and To S3.

Easier and faster alternatives

If all this sounds a bit overwhelming, don’t be alarmed. If you have all the skills necessary to go through this process, chances are building and maintaining a script like this isn’t a very high-leverage use of your time.

Thankfully, products like Stitch were built to move data from Close to Redshift automatically. With just a few clicks, Stitch starts extracting your Close data via the API, structuring it in a way that's optimized for analysis, and inserting that data into your Redshift data warehouse.